Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Letter From Birmingham Jail The American civil rights movement through the 1950s and 60s was a turning point for our country as a whole. Probably the most influential leader of that time was Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. King became a leader because of his ability to captivate crowds with his powerful speeches. One of the most important letters he wrote was while he was incarcerated in Birmingham, Alabama. The letter was to eight fellow clergymen that were from Alabama. The Letter From Birmingham Jail was in response to some criticism from the clergymen. King calmly tries to state his purpose for hisÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦One of the rhetorical strategies he used while writing this letter was the allusions. He used incidents that had in one way or another affected the clergymens denomination or family history as a whole. When King refers to the refusal of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego to obey the laws of Nebuchadnezzar.(page 321), he is referring to the Rabbi Hilton L. Grafman. He states that early Christians who were willing to face hungry lions and the excruciating pain of chopping blocks rather than submit to certain unjust laws of the Roman Empire. (page 321), he focuses this statement to the other Christian clergymen. King finally uses a reference from our countries past, the Boston Tea Party. This reference demonstrates the struggle for freedom that we had a couple hundred years ago and this comment is directed to all the clerymen . By using this approach of writing, King can better demonstrate why he is doing what the clergymen are questioning. The examples he used are perfect references that civil disobedience has worked and turned out for the better on earlier believers of the church, whatever denomination. Facts are a definite way to persuade aShow MoreRelatedA Letter From The Birmingham Jail1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstatement of the textÃ¢â¬â¢ which is often drawn directly from the Bible; (3) the Ã¢â¬Ëbody of the sermon,Ã¢â¬â¢ which consists of repeated emotional climaxes; and (4) the Ã¢â¬ËconclusionÃ¢â¬â¢ which resolves the emotional tension aroused by the sermon by drawing the sinners to God.Ã¢â¬ (Pipes 143). Based on these characteristics and KingÃ¢â¬â¢s religious background and experience as a preacher, it is logical to argue that the structure of Ã¢â¬Å"A Letter from the Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ resembles that of a sermon which is aimed at an audienceRead MoreLetter from Birmingham Jail1872 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages2015 Letter from Birmingham Jail-Rhetorical Analysis Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. wrote the Ã¢â¬Å"Letter from Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ in order to address the biggest issue in Birmingham and the United States at the time (racism) and to also address the critics he received from the clergymen. The letter discusses the great injustices happening toward the Black community in Birmingham and although it is primarily aimed at the clergymen King writes the letter for all to read. In his Ã¢â¬Å"Letter from Birmingham JailRead MoreThe Letter From Birmingham Jail 1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages(King). Children ripped apart from their families, not being able to socialize with certain people, or even go to the local amusement park. It was a hard time to be a colored person, and there was one hope. Martin Luther King, Jr. believed that one day blacks and whites could one day come together peacefully. King tried to do what he believed was right with everything in his will to finally join forces and not be talked down on by whites. In the Ã¢â¬Å"Letter from Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ he includes several eventsRead MoreThe Letter From A Birmingham Jail809 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbut all human beings who were being treated unjustly. He is known for many speeches, but The Letter from a Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ written in 1963 was phenomenal in my opinion; this letter, written in response to Ã¢â¬Å"A Call for Unity,Ã¢â¬ (Carpenter et. el, 1963 ) an article written by eight, white, Alabama clergymen, was to serve as a response to those who believed that King acted inappropriately for coming to Birmingham, Alabama, as an outsider, for creating immense tension with his demonstrations, and for theRead MoreLetter from a Birmingham Jail759 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLuther KingÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Letter from Birmingham jailÃ¢â¬ is a mix of emotional passion and logical precision that seeks to achieve meaningful cause. The letter was a response to white clergy who were critical of his intention in Birmingham naming him an Ã¢â¬Å"outsiderÃ¢â¬ . KingÃ ¢â¬â¢s response to critics through a letter explains his arguments vividly and effectively. King wrote the letter in a way that he agreed with his critics, nonetheless still using their words against them in logic harmony. KingÃ¢â¬â¢s letter illustratesRead MoreThe Letter From A Birmingham Jail1266 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a key figure in the civil rights movements that took place in the 1950s and 1960s. The Ã¢â¬Å"Letter from a Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ is an open letter written by King defending nonviolent resistance against racism. The letter argued that people have a moral responsibility to break unjust and unethical laws. The letter also stresses themes of unity among brothers in order to overcome racism. I will argue in support of KingÃ¢â¬â¢s stance that citizens are morally justified in breakingRead MoreLetter From A Birmingham Jail1900 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesSummary and Response Ã¢â¬Å"Letter from a Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ John Hodgin English 111-54H Professor Bradford Ivy Tech Community College September 24, 2017 Cover Letter Professor Bradford, Obviously my primary motivation for writing my Summary and Response Draft is that it is a requirement for my English Composition Class. Having said that, I also have another heartfelt motivation for writing my Summary and Response about Martin Luther KingÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Letter from a Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ . I have studied aboutRead MoreEssay on A Letter From a Birmingham Jail717 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesA Letter From a Birmingham Jail In Martin Luther King, Jr.s Letter from a Birmingham Jail, his thoughts and ideas are directly stated, well expressed, explained, and illustrated. Kings style of writing gives the reader a clear glimpse into the world with which he struggled and allows his letter to be powerfully effective. In the introductory paragraph, King introduces his reason for writing the letter and details who the audience is to be. He explains that he rarely answers criticismsRead MoreLetter From Birmingham City Jail Essay1700 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesProfessor Ybarra Philosophy 1C 23 November 2015 Letter From Birmingham City Jail Martin Luther King Jr. wrote the Letter from Birmingham City Jail to the clergymen, saying that they criticized the actions and how they were targeting him. He explains in the letter how the city of Birmingham has gone through all the nonviolent campaigns and that it proves that their is serious racial injustice. Martin Luther King Jr. composed the letter to Birmingham in 1963. The reason why so many people were complainingRead MoreLetter From Birmingham Jail Act904 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages In April 1963, the city of Birmingham, Alabama, was caught in the midst of massive civil rights protests. Protestors advocating for desegregation brought the city to a halt with widespread disruptive yet peaceful protests. After a circuit court placed an injunction against protesting, parading and picketing King was arrested for his involvement. While in jail King received a letter written by eight Alabama clergymen criticizing King for his disruptive protests and the breaking of laws which lead
Friday, May 15, 2020
In the article, Ã¢â¬Å"What it takes to Be Great,Ã¢â¬ Geoffrey Colvin makes the argument Ã¢â¬Å"you will achieve greatness only through an enormous amount of hard work over many years. And not just any hard work, but work of a particular type thatÃ¢â¬â¢s demanding and painful.Ã¢â¬ He explains that anyone can become great and no one is born with a gift for a specific profession. Colvin uses many examples to support his statement such as Tiger Woods, a golf champion, Winston Churchill, a great orator, and Michael Jordan, a basketball player. They have proved that Ã¢â¬Å"the ten yearÃ¢â¬ rule, deliberate practice, and aiming to get better has helped them achieve greatness. (Colvin) Tiger Woods, at 18 months, was encouraged to play golf by his father. By the time he was 18Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(Rodney 11). At 14, he completely lost his harmonic singing voice due to puberty changes and failed to sale any records. His inspiration grew and he devoted himself to singing e ven more than before. Being threatened of losing his recording contract, he deliberately practiced and began to write his own music to better assist his new voice. At 18 years old, after continuous effort, hard work, and dedication, Usher made huge progress and sold 7 million copies! He continued to work attentively and at 25 years old, he sold nearly 20 million copies worldwide! (Rodney) Usher says himself, Even seven albums in, I still try to be innovative, blaze new trails, but allow people to come along on the journey. Its all about striving for greatness and offering the best that I have. Its no different than an athlete, or a boxer: standing in front of the person trying to tear his head off, he has to give his all to make it out of that ring.Ã¢â¬ (Abegunde) Usher lost his voice and practiced for over 10 years supporting ColvinÃ¢â¬â¢s statement that it takes a minimum of 10 years to achieve greatness. Another great example that proves ColvinÃ¢â¬â¢s statement,Ã¢â¬ Natu ral gifts are irrelevant, and talent has little or nothing to do with greatness,Ã¢â¬ is Sirena Williams. Serena Williams was not born knowing she will become the 5th woman in the history of women tennis to hold all 4 major championships at the same time. WhenShow MoreRelatedNike s Quest For Success1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestitle, LeBron James is known as one of the greatness athletes of all time. Although LeBron James has become the best of the best, being a famous athlete is not necessary in achieving greatness. Anyone is able to find greatness if they look and work for it. NikeÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Find Your GreatnessÃ¢â¬ ad campaign uses everyday athletes to attract people of all skill levels to become active and purchase their athletic gear for doing so. Nike launched their Ã¢â¬Å"Find Your GreatnessÃ¢â¬ ad campaign during the 2012 Olympics inRead MorePersuasive Essay On Pride In Sports1528 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPride in Sports Being told to Ã¢â¬Å"take pride in what you doÃ¢â¬ is a phrase common in the athletic world. From work, to sports, or even just doing your school work, elders always tell us younger generations to Ã¢â¬Å"take pride in what you doÃ¢â¬ . Taking pride to what they do as an athlete is something coaches, and parents pound in athletesÃ¢â¬â¢ heads every day. But, what is pride? How do inexperienced athletes have pride in something when nobody tells these athletes how to fulfill this this aspect of Ã¢â¬Å"prideÃ¢â¬ ? NameRead MoreAn Inspiring Secondary School History Teacher Essay1436 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAs an inspiring secondary school history teacher, I take my position as an educator very seriously. As a teacher, I play an integral role in shaping the minds of the next generation. I believe that much of the American citizenry is a product of how they were educated and I hope that I can help craft a citizen body that can contribute in a positive way to society. I hope as a teacher I can sculpt my student body into avid learners. Most importantly, as a teacher, I want to challenge my students. IfRead MoreAn Inspiring Secondary School History Teacher Essay1376 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAs an inspiring secondary school history teacher I take my position as an educator very seriously. As a teacher I play an integral role in shaping the minds of the next generation. I believe that much of the American citizenry is a product of how they were educated and I hope that I can help craft that best citizen b ody to contribute in a positive way to society. I hope as a teacher that I can sculpt my student body into avid leaners and eventual contributors to society. Most importantly as a teacherRead MoreA Piece Of Paper And Years Of Schooling1286 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespost-secondary education is not synonymous with a stable income or secure job. Not to mention, people decide to take learning into their own hands and self-educate themselves. Too add on, education and professional accomplishments are not directly related to each other as far as dependency is concerned. Success is based on many factors besides intelligence such as persistence, determination, hard work, and commitment. Although learning fortifies the mental competence of students by teaching relevant informationRead MorePass / Fail By Linda Pastan1149 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesby simply dreaming. It takes initiative and courage to stand up and aim for that goal in life. Although the poem follows a negative prospective of achieving greatness, the writer does specify the ambition that one has will not matter for their perseverance will not be enough to pass the examination destined to fail the dream one tries to achieve. The author seems to disagree with the American dream, an idea that everyone has the opportunity to achieve success with hard work. The fact of the matterRead MoreClemson770 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesJohn Doe Clemson University Clemson Connect September 25, 2009 Greatness=Drive The article Ã¢â¬Å"What it takes to be great,Ã¢â¬ by Geoffrey Colvin is very well written. Geoffrey Colvin makes valid points to support his opinion on what it takes to be great. I agree with ColvinÃ¢â¬â¢s idea that to be great at something it requires hard work. He expands on this by saying it takes Ã¢â¬Å"deliberate practice.Ã¢â¬ What Colvin meant by Ã¢â¬Å"deliberate practice,Ã¢â¬ was that is performing not just to get something done, but toRead MoreThe Importance of Goal Setting912 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Goal setting for success.com You must remain focused on your journey to greatness. - Les Brown Why to set goals? Why is it necessary? Although every one of us is living in the present world, somewhere down the line we are always thinking about our future. No oneÃ¢â¬â¢s future is predictable. Almost all of us wish to change our lives. Whether it is associated with family, friends, professional life, career or finances. We all want to make our life better in the future than what it is in the presentRead MoreAspirations And Greatness : F. Scott Fitzgerald s The Great Gatsby 1436 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAspirations and Greatness; The Case of Jay Gatsby Dedication and tenacity are examples of attributes that allow one to accomplish a societal label for effort shown towards attaining goals and dreams. Through his work The Great Gatsby, F.Scott Fitzgerald used the protagonist, Jay Gatsby, to demonstrate the American Dream and greatness. Gatsby was a mysterious character, commonly mistaken as a mere criminal; but actually, he was a victim of his perseverance and the American Dream. Despite his criminalRead MoreQ - Does Alexander the Great deserve to be called the Great?1510 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe greatness of Alexander III, as he was originally, has been disputed in the past. His legend has survived for thousands of years, and his name is well-known, but just how great was he? In answering this question it is necessary to define the terms deserve and great. For these purposes, to deserve will mean to be worthy of. Great has many meanings, and will be defined as: important; grand; distinguished; remarkable in ability or character; c ompetent; or above what is normal, with implied admiration
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In the year 1864 the American Civil War was drawing to an end. The Confederate States of America was slowly running out of able bodied men and supplies to supply the army needed to ward off the UnionÃ¢â¬â¢s invasion of the South. At this point in time the leader of the Union Army was Ulysses S. Grant. He devised a plan to escalate the process in which the Confederate Army was running out of supplies. GrantÃ¢â¬â¢s plan was to send Union troops to the West of the main conflict for them to loop around and cut off railroad lines, and burn farm lands. The greatest of these was the Army that burned thousands of acres in Georgia, yet another army led by General David Hunter might have been more decisive if it had not been stopped at the Battle of Lynchburg. General David Hunter was ordered by General Grant to make his way down the Shenandoah Valley and destroy as much farm land as possible along the way. On top of this General Hunter terrorized towns by pillaging stores and homes. The S outherners knew that a similar fate would become Lynchburg if they did not do anything to prevent HunterÃ¢â¬â¢s advance. The people of Lynchburg worked hard at building up defenses protecting Lynchburg. They had to resort to using mostly young boys and elderly men since most able bodies men had already died in the War or were still fighting under General E. Lee. The boys and elderly men that maned the defenses did not have a good chance of warding of the large army led by General David Hunter; as a result, GeneralShow MoreRelatedAmerican War And The American Civil War1551 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhich then caused the Southern states of America to decide to leave the American Union and create their own Southern Confederacy. This tore our nation apart. The American Civil War had begun and the very people that were once neighbors had each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s blood on their hands. Many American lives had been lost. The American lives lost in the Civil War even exceeded the number of American lives lost during World War I and World War II. We were divided. The North wanted to reunite with the southern statesRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1376 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe American Civil War was arguably the most important war in the history of the country. The War of Independence may have allowed American to become itsÃ¢â¬â¢ own country, but the Civil War resulted in something even more important than that, the end of slavery in the southern states. All of the issues that caused the Civil war were based around slavery, such as statesÃ¢â¬â¢ rights that involved how slavery would be handled in each state, and trying to preserve the Union since the south seceded from the northRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War856 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSlavery may have been established as the catalyst of the American Civil War, but the beginning of the dispute began in the time of the Revolution with a weak decentralized government under the Articles of Confederation. Lat er gained momentum as territorial expansion set Americans against each other on debating whether the new states should be slave states or free states, it questioned the power of the Federal government regarding state rights, and brought about instability in the unity of the UnitedRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1618 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages A Civil War is a battle between the same citizens in a country. The American Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the independence for the Confederacy or the survival of the Union. By the time Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1861, in the mist of 34 states, the constant disagreement caused seven Southern slave states to their independence from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, generally known as the South, grew to include elevenRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War991 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe American Civil War is known to most as the bloodiest war anyone has eve r witnessed. It claimed the life of thousands of Americans and animosity that was built up over several years prior to it can be to blame. Most people think that slavery was the cause of this battle, and although slavery did play a part, it was not the main cause. The biggest roles played in the American Civil War were statesÃ¢â¬â¢ rights, unfair bills, feelings of inferiority and threats to economy. The tension started duringRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1324 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere were many events that led to the cause of one of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s most devastating war, the American Civil War. The American Civil War was an unfortunate war that cost more than the lives of six hundred thousand people. Events such as the Missouri Compromise, Kansas Nebraska Act, Dred Scott Decision, and the Election of Abraham Lincoln resulted in the four yearlong battles between the Northern and Southern states due to social and economic differences on the idea of slavery. In the 19th century,Read MoreThe War Of The American Civil War Essay1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe American Civil War lasted from April 12, 1861 to May 9, 1865. It was the bloodiest war in American history, killing approximately 620,000 soldiers in total. The War was fought and won by the North, ensuring that all the United States would stay united and slavery would be illegal in The United States. However, history is one of the most complicated things in the world. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also one of the most important things in the world because history is what made the present possible. Historians have debatedRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War960 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesslavery even if it meant war caused peace in this nation. Slavery was the vital cause of the American Civil War. The north and the south both had their differences on how to run the country. People in the North believed in unity and that slavery should not exist because Ã¢â¬Å"all men are created equally.Ã¢â¬ On the o ther hand, the South believed in continuing slavery. People tried to talk it out and come to a middle ground after both sides compromising, however that didnÃ¢â¬â¢t work and caused war. Ideological differencesRead MoreThe Civil War And The American War1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe question of what caused the Civil War is debatable because there are several events that may have influenced the war such as the Western Expansion, Manifest Destiny and the Mexican-American War. The war also stems from slavery, the North and South basically fought over whether or not slavery should be permitted. Another point that may have influenced the Civil War is the economic and social structure of the country, which also falls under slavery because the South main source of income was slaveryRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1439 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhen the American Civil War began in the spring of 1861, those flocking to enlistment stations in states both north and south chiefly defined their cause as one of preservation. From Maine to Minnesota, young men joined up to preserve the Union. From Virginia to Texas, their future foes on the battlefield enlisted to preserve a social order, a social order at its core built on the institution of slavery and racial superiority . Secession had not been framed by prominent Southerners like Robert Toombs
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Test 1 Inquiry, Atmosphere Water Cycle Review Questions Question Answer What is the first step of the Scientific Method? Asking a QUESTION Katie noticed that bacteria growing on a plate did not grow next to mold that was growing on the same plate. So she wrote: Ã¢â¬Å"The mold may be producing a substance that kills bacteria.Ã¢â¬ This statement is best described as an Inference There are 200 gumballs in the machine. Is the above statement a Quantitative or Qualitative Observation Quantitative Carolina will lose the Championship this year.This statement will be best described as an inference or a prediction? Prediction What is the name of the variable the scientist changes or manipulates in an experiment? Independent or Manipulated Variable What is the name of the variable the scientist tries to keep the same in an experiment? Control Variable What is the name of the variable the scientist measures in an experiment? Dependent or Responding Variable An ornithologist (bird scientist) wants to determine if different temperatures affects how many times a bird chirps. What is the independent variable in this experiment? Different temperatures An ornithologist (bird scientist) wants to determine if different temperatures affects how many times a bird chirps. What is the dependent variable in this experiment? How many times the bird chirps An ornithologist (bird scientist) wants to determine if different temperatures affects how many times a bird chirps. What is the control variable in this experiment? Same bird An astronaut entering the Earths atmosphere from space will pass which layer first? Exosphere In which layer of the atmosphere would the Aurora form? Thermosphere Which layer of the atmosphere is responsible for meteors disintegrating? Mesosphere Which layer of the atmosphere is mainly responsible for protecting us from harmful UV radiations from the sun? Stratosphere Which layer of the atmosphere do we live in? Troposphere Which is the most common gas in the atmosphere? Nitrogen What is it called when heat is trapped by the earths atmosphere due to pollution? Greenhouse effect What happens to pressure as we travel towards space? It decreases Why do mountain climbers carry oxygen tanks with them? Less oxygen molecules so it is difficult to breath Pilots fly to the stratosphere when there is a storm. Why do they do that? To avoid the stormy weather occurring in the troposphere Water from water bodies turn into water vapor and enter the atmosphere. What is this process known as? Evaporation Water enters the atmosphere from plants and animals. What is this process known as? Transpiration Water vapor cools into water droplets and forms clouds. What is this process known as? Condensation What type of condensation is it when water vapor cools into water droplets onto a cold surface? Dew What type of condensation is it when water vapor freezes onto a cold surface? Frost Frost is a type of condensation that happens due to a process known as ________________________________ ? Crystallization Water falling from clouds in various forms is known as ? Precipitation What determines the type of precipitation you will receive? The TEMPERATURE of the troposphere When water that falls down as precipitation reaches the earth, it always flows back to the ocean as ? Run off When you can see the run off flowing it is known as ____________________? Surface water flow When the run off seeps into the ground it is know as________________________? Ground water flow What symbol would you see on the door of a lab that uses live animals to conduct a behavior study? Animal safety What symbol would you see on the bottle of a chemical that can catch fire easily? Flammable What symbol would you see on the box of a specimen that contains a sample that can cause harm to you on contact? Bio Hazard What symbol would you see on a bottle of chemical that gives out strong odors? Fume safety
Monday, April 13, 2020
TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s world is faced with various questions concerning political affairs such as peace, legislation, policymaking, and cooperation between states and even societies. But one of the fundamental dilemmas of the contemporary times is undoubtedly the question of globalisation. This phenomenon is based on numerous worldwide exchanges in the field of economy, social life, culture, ideology and the environment- all of these elements leading to certain political consequences. Globalisation, which has been pushed forward by the expansion of capitalism, has been seen in the political world since 1848, when Marx and Engels stated how the Ã¢â¬Å"bourgeoisie has through its exploitation of the world market given a cosmopolitan character to production and exchanged Ã¢â¬Å"local and national seclusion and self-sufficiencyÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"universal inter-dependence of nationsÃ¢â¬ (1966: 112). Nowadays, many people around the globe ask themselves the questions: What are the political costs of globalisation? Does it bring prosperity and development to our world or poverty and the deepening of differences in national wealth between countries? Does it bring people together and serves as a means of knowledge about various cultures or is it a form of spreading and forcing people into accepting a universal Ã¢â¬ËpopÃ¢â¬â¢ culture? In this essay, an analysis of the political consequences of globalisation will try to answer these questions. We will write a custom essay sample on Political Consequences of Globalisation or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Globalisation has influenced and even changed the world system in various positive ways. According to the supporters of social democratic global governance, globalization, after the fall of the Soviet bloc, has created opportunities for advancing the Ã¢â¬Å"cause of human rights, to challenge dictatorial rule, and to spread the principles of democracy throughout the developing world. New criteria of liberal democracy have been advanced in most international development organisations to judge the relative fitness and legitimacy of states, making it difficult Ã¢â¬ ¦ for dictatorial regimes to gain legitimacy in the world arenaÃ¢â¬ (Putzel 2004). But on the other hand, globalisation got rid of the idea of checks and balances, leaving hegemons, like the United States, in charge which may sometimes lead to breaking of the multipolar world order and principles of peaceful international relations introduced after the end of World War II. For example, this was visible in the case of the Iraq invasion. Modern globalisation is also seen as the world-wide exchange of information amongst people. Universally used tools, such as the internet, have led to the creation of the so-called Ã¢â¬Ëcyber-sphereÃ¢â¬â¢ in which people are able to converse freely about the political situations in their countries as well as exchange their personal insights and feelings. The cyber-sphere is also perceived as a new dimension of communication for governments, which are able to control their economies that are now existing in the cyber world. Furthermore, the internet became not only the means by which people are able to exchange valuable ideas but it is also used as a weapon by terrorist groups. Moreover, it provides access to a variety of scientific sources but it also creates the risk of plagiarism and theft. Various governments are not able to fully regulate what is being done or said on the internet, therefore, it is very important for countries to work together in the fight against extremism and cyber-crime. Furthermore, globalisation became the source for the accelerating competition around the globe which thus led to the increase in production and efficiency. Competition and increasing market space can lead to specialisation and an improved division of labour. There are also economies of scale and scope that have salutary effects on costs and prices and which provide a strong impetus for economic growthÃ¢â¬ (Pere 2007). Competition is able to increase standards of living and promote higher wages. Also, according to Anthony Giddens, globalization over a period of time has weakened the notion of the nation-state and Ã¢â¬Å"regenerated local identitiesÃ¢â¬ (1998: 2 8-33). It is now forcing governments to consider a wide range of actors such as individuals, firms, nations, trading blocs or non-governmental organizations and Ã¢â¬Å"providing a form of governance over society and economy, which is no longer the prerogative of governmentsÃ¢â¬ (1998: 28-33). This tames the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢ egoistic decisions in the economic sphere that might enrich their own countries but lead in fact to the decline of others. According to the globalisation theory, many states were forced in the past few years to abandon their particular political drives in the economic sphere, and due to this the differences between national economies are slowly diminishing (Thompson 2010: 132). Ã¢â¬Å"Underlying this thesis is a rather deterministic conception of globalization as an Ã¢â¬Ëiron cageÃ¢â¬â¢ which imposes a global financial discipline on governments, severely constraining the scope for progressive policies and undermining the social bargain on which the post-Second-World-War welfare state restedÃ¢â¬ (Held et al. 1999). Because of this the gap between the rich and the poor is rapidly growing even into the 21st century. Ã¢â¬Å"[T]here is evidence that the bottom 10 per cent of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population has become even poorer since the beginning of the 1990sÃ¢â¬ (Croft 2010: 211). While it can be noticed that some parts of the world, mainly in Asia, have witnessed the positive side of globalisation that led to swift growth and substantial poverty decrease, many other areas in Latin America and most of Africa have experienced economic immobility or even decline that lead to the rise in poverty and inequality. Furthermore, many instabilities of countries at a regional or global level are due to the interconnectivity and interdependence of economies. Economic insecurities and crisis in one country can lead to local or even global problems. Ã¢â¬Å"The most dramatic instance of this was the exchange rate and financial crisis in Asia, which started in Thailand in 1998, and spread to other South-east Asian economies but which also sent ripples throughout the international financial systemÃ¢â¬ (Pere 2007). These links that bind the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s economies together suggest mutual vulnerability which might lead to conflict. Various countries are sceptical about the positive aspect of globalisation and therefore they believe that they have lost the grasp on their own economies and became the victims of powerful and bigger countries, various multinational firms, and international institutions. Joseph Stiglitz, who is the former chief economist of the World Bank, is one of many that support this notion. He wrote in Globalization and its Discontents (2002: 214) that Ã¢â¬Å"globalization today is not working for many of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s poor. Ã¢â¬ He was right in the fact that many of these poor countries are not able to eat the fruits of globalisation. Their percentage in the volume of global trade is decreasing. There are many aspects of globalisation that are non-economic, yet have an even greater impact on the contemporary world. There have been many new security challenges in the interdependent world that have led to regional conflicts and violence. International security issues have become very interconnected. These issues raise questions about problems like scarce energy or water provisions, illegitimate and tyrannical governments, terrorism, and environmental issues such as global warming and epidemics such as HIV or AIDS. Stuart Croft illustrates this interconnectivity by showing how Ã¢â¬Å"a concern with a terrorist organization might connect into international trade (smuggling of Ã¢â¬ ¦weapons), into international finance (control of terrorist finances), and into development issues (how to support the development of regions beset by terrorism)Ã¢â¬ (Croft 2010: 189). Moreover, even though the end of the Cold War diminished the fear of nuclear weapons, it did not lead its total disappearance. There is still an on-going proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Due to this, globalisation can put at risk the countries of the world. Al Qaeda and other transnational actors have formed global networks of operatives, challenging conventional approaches to national defence in what has been called asymmetrical warfareÃ¢â¬ (Nye 2013: 257). Additionally, with less state control over foreign exchange and the removal of most trade barriers, non-state actors gained unrestricted access to income from res ources such as narcotics, diamonds, and weapons supplies. Ã¢â¬Å"This created a perverse and vicious cycle: falling state revenues, leading to increasing ineffectiveness of authority, allowing expanded smuggling, leading to further declines in revenueÃ¢â¬ (Putzel 2004). TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s globalisation has gone much Ã¢â¬Å"farther, faster, cheaper, and deeperÃ¢â¬ (Friedman 1999: 7-8). This swiftness creates another problem- it forms uncertainty and makes it much more difficult to shape policy responses. Karl Polanyi in his book The Great Transformation claimed that Ã¢â¬Å"the market forces unleashed by the Industrial Revolution and globalisation in the nineteenth century produced not only great economic gains, but also great social disruptions and political reactionsÃ¢â¬ (1944). Many countries have responded in various ways to the speedy changes made by globalisation. In countries such as Iran and Bosnia, globalisation has been very frowned upon because it challenges the conservative or even extremist views of those nations and brings in foreign (i. e. Western) ideas. In addition, the anti-globalisation attitudes are partially a reply to the alterations shaped by economic interdependence. Ã¢â¬Å"From an economistÃ¢â¬â¢s view, imperfect markets are inefficient, but from a political view, some imperfections in international markets can be considered Ã¢â¬Ëuseful inefficienciesÃ¢â¬â¢ because they slow down and buffer political change. As globalisation removes such inefficiencies, it becomes the political prisoner of its economic successÃ¢â¬ (Nye 2013: 261). In conclusion, the concept of globalisation has both positive and negative political consequences. It intensifies inequality by which it increases political risks and widens already present social gaps. It causes developing countries to have the hardest time when trying to assimilate into global economies and markets. Globalisation is a means by which people are able to exchange valuable information and ideas but it also poses a threat because it opens doors to terrorism and cyber-crime. Additionally, due to globalization, todayÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions about global politics lay mostly in the hands of international and non-governmental organisations and this partially leads to the weakening of the nation-state. Therefore, Ã¢â¬Å"Globalisation [has] transformed the terrain of politics, but the role, and indeed the need for the establishment or reinforcement, of modern states has never been more importantÃ¢â¬ .
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Work Placement Reflective Introduction Work Placement Reflective IntroductionBibliography:Related Introduction This is a sample of the reflective diary kept during my work placement with Viridian Housing. The experiences accounted in this sample reflect those used in support of my critical review. A reflective diary is a private record of experiences throughout work placement. It is very important to use this diary to report thoughts, feelings and opinions rather than reporting on the factual events of the day.Ã A reflective diary is also important for keeping a record of both the positive and non positive experiences, as well as the achievements. The purpose of reflection is a means to be able to think things over or to visualize.Ã Reflection involves complex mental processing that discovers new ideas or inter-relationships between ideas.Ã Accurate reflection will help us improve our decision-making, deal with issues in everyday work and social situations, discover new ideas and help understand ourselves better. There is a recurring theme with the tenancy checks and inspection visits that is very frustrating. I spoke to another tenant who is a long term tenant of Viridian. Invariably with the visits there will be small maintenance issues that need to be sorted out, however generally they have not been reported because they are minor and often aesthetic. In this case it was the issue of a window that was stuck shut. The tenant proceeded to tell me that there was a maintenance history, but that he would call one of the housing officers to sort it out, because that is the person they usually dealt with. Professionally this has no impact what so ever, as these things are recorded and can easily be dealt with. I found it frustrating however, because despite my position with Viridian, I feel that the tenants doubt my abilities and professional expertise. In this situation I remained calm and collected, as I suspect that this is a personal insecurity which will resolve itself with further experienc e in the field. I am also sure that there was no intention to undermine my position. I was proud that I was able to keep my composure despite feeling rather frustrated at the time. I spoke to one of my colleagues about it later that day and found out that this is a common thing with all housing officers. I was happy to learn this and am not dreading doing inspection visits as I was earlier in the day. An elderly lady came for a consultation after going to a number of housing organizations to attempt to get into a care facility. By the time she arrived in our offices she was at her wits end. Although the issue of finding accommodation for her is relatively simple and routine, I discovered that she really needed to just talk to someone that understood what she wanted and what she did not want. A lot of what she was complaining about had to do with housing organizations wanting to put her into a type of frail care facility, however this isnÃ¢â¬â¢t what she wanted. I feel like the respect that Viridian is always reinforcing in this industry really does have a place, as this lady clearly hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t been shown much respect and even though we have not helped her yet, she was incredibly happy and grateful at the end of the meeting. I am finding that so much about this position has to do with an attitude of respect towards to client. I do not think that one could succeed in this posit ion without the ability to build rapport with people and be friendly. I was proud to be a member of Viridian as the assistance that we can offer people in her situation, although not particularly unique, can make a huge difference in the lives of the elderly and disabled. I performed a tenancy check and inspection visit and was let into the property by who I assumed was family of the tenant. This was after significant problems in trying to gain access to the property and eventually after harassing the tenant for over a week, I was able to secure an inspection date and time. After having a look around the property it started to look a bit suspicious as it was clear that this family member was living in the property. After some questioning it became clear that the property had been informally sublet to this family member and that the actual tenant was now living somewhere else. Obviously illegal subletting has to be reported and the family member of the tenant will most likely be evicted from the property. I had mixed feelings about this, because she seemed like a very nice person who was going to bear the consequences of the mistake of the tenant. I felt very sympathetic towards her and going forward, I felt sad in having to report this to the housing officers. The matter was taken over by the housing officer that manages the property, however in subsequent reporting I found out that the matter has been settled. I was proud of my ability to be perceptive in this situation and follow my instincts. Although emotionally it was difficult to follow the rules, professionally this was a triumph as I followed my gut and in doing so discovered an illegal tenancy. There was an incident with an elderly couple that was occupying on the properties that had about three stairs throughout. Whilst in the office, I received a phone call from the husband informing me of the unsuitability of the housing for them because of the problems that the stairs caused. He then demanded that we find another house for them or see to it that there are the requisite ramps installed in the housing immediately. To that point I had not dealt with an issue like this, however I treated the matter as urgent and reported it immediately to one of my colleagues. The next day I received a phone call from the same man who was now irate that there had been no action taken as of yet and he shouted over the phone at me, not allowing me to speak. Whilst I understood his concern, I did not appreciate the disrespect shown towards me, especially since we had given him feedback on the issue and all things considered it was not urgent. I managed to stay calm during the whole conversatio n and tried to be as compassionate and understanding as possible. I calmly explained to him that we needed to get approval to install ramps in the property and there would be some delay. I was proud of myself for staying calm during that time as I was getting more frustrated as the man continued to rant at me. Moving forward, I learnt that when dealing with homes, people are always going to be upset, but as the professional you need to stay calm and do your job without getting angry or upset. There was an issue with a tenant that had a leaking roof that had allegedly been reported to the maintenance team. I checked the records and nothing was reflected. As there was staff training that week, I was alone in the office and the weekend was approaching. Not wanting the tenant to suffer any further water damage to her property,Ã I went about organizing a repair team to go to the house to fix it the next afternoon, however got a call from the contractor who was at the house saying the tenant had said that someone had been around earlier to fix the problem from Viridian. This was incredibly frustrating as now the contractor would be paid for nothing and it was a waste of my time, the tenants and the contractors. I cross checked with the maintenance team the following Monday when training was over and discovered that they had organized for the roof to be fixed, however due to training they had been unable to update the records to reflect this. I was very embarrassed that I had not first checked with the relevant housing officer, although at the time I felt that I was showing initiative. I feel like I learnt a valuable lesson through making this mistake that although showing initiative is encouraged, one must have all the facts of the situation before executing a plan. I had to explain the situation to the housing officer, who understood my mistake. I do feel however that there is some responsibility on the housing officer for not having updated the record, as it was clearly within my duties to have the maintenance issue sorted out and it is important to always update the files with the correct information at all times as these systems exist for exactly this reason. Although I was not formally reprimanded, I do feel that I was only part responsible. Nonetheless, I learnt a valuable lesson about communication between the different teams in Viridian and moving forward I shall ensure that I follow all protocol accordingly. Bibliography: Nolan, Y.,Moonie, N.,Lavers, S. (2005) Health and Social Care (Adults): S/NVQ Level 3, Essex, Heinemann Nolan, Y. (2005) Health and Social Care (Adults): S/NVQ Level 2, Essex, Heinemann.  Nolan, Y.,Moonie, N.,Lavers, S. (2005) Health and Social Care (Adults): S/NVQ Level 3, Essex, Heinemann
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Etruscan - Byzantine - Essay Example It is also characterized by neighboring columns, superimposed and engaged, serves as an embellishment to the structure. Roman style is also characterized by an elevated high base steps rising to a deep portico which was a strong influence of the Etruscan style of architecture. Hagia Sophia, which is located in Istanbul formerly Constantinople, on the other hand, is one of the best examples of the Byzantine architecture. Although there are a lot of existing styles that concentrated on a religious theme, Byzantine architectureÃ¢â¬â¢s strong feature is that the structures built during this time were meant to glorify the church. This style is set apart by great domes, smaller domes and half domes supported with pedentive, huge columns, round arches and abundant use of color, decorative and glass mosaics. Both architectural styles have a distinct characteristic that distinguish it from others. Pantheon has a top heavy appearance and an imposingly large entrance like most temples in this era. Hagia Sophia, however, is somewhat inviting. Although Byzantine also uses columns in their architectural design, the Roman style has more columns that somewhat overlaps each other just by looking at it. Both structures made use of domes, the difference however was that Pantheon has only one while Hagia Sophia has several. Initially, Pantheon was believed to be created as a temple for the gods.